Ending Social Promotion Without Leaving Children Behind: The Case of New York City

Ending Social Promotion Without Leaving Children Behind: The Case of New York City

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The New York City Department of Education asked RAND to conduct an independent longitudinal evaluation of its 5th-grade promotion policy. The findings of that study, conducted between March 2006 and August 2009, provide a comprehensive view of the policy's implementation and its impact on student outcomes, particularly for students at risk of retention and those who were retained in grade.